About Us

Our History

The history of the IBD is the history of Brewing and Distilling.

Our History

Trusted Knowledge Since 1886

The IBD was originally formed as The Laboratory Club in 1886; a time when the world of brewing and distilling was very different.

The IBD was originally formed as The Laboratory Club in 1886, a time when the world of brewing and distilling was very different.

There were nearly 20,000 licensed breweries in the UK with the two largest being Arthur Guinness in Dublin and William Bass in Burton-on-Trent. Dark, porter style beers had been the most popular for decades but these were beginning to be superseded by lighter, pale ales from Burton, which were easier to drink and quicker to produce – Brettanomyces fermentations were being overtaken by Saccharomyces Cerevisiae. Beer quality was often poor, with tonics and remedies being sold to counteract the side-effects of impurities which included high levels of arsenic.

In distilling, Coffey Stills were being used to produce high quantities of gin and whisky for the few distilleries who had them installed. However, the majority of distilleries still used pot stills. Usher and Dewar had introduced blended whiskies, increasing the reach and popularity of this drink.

Technology-wise, external mash mixers were finding their way into the industry as was sparging and the use of cast iron vessels in the brewhouse instead of wood. Wooden fermenters were beginning to be lined with copper to improve sanitation. Bottling was still done by hand and with no method of forced carbonating, all beers were secondary fermented in the serving vessel.

Science was just beginning to be accepted in the industry, which had long run on the principles of “we’ve always done it this way”. With many chemists being employed in a consulting role, there was friction between them and the brewers who claimed they lacked practical knowledge.

Pasteur had published “Etudes de la Biere” in 1876 and further works by the likes of Hansen, Lintner, Siebel and Tabberer Brown were making their way around the industry.

Timeline of key dates

View our history with the timeline below.

1886

The Laboratory Club was formed.

1887

The Transactions of the Laboratory Club are first published.

1890

The Laboratory Club changed its name to 'The Institute of Brewing' on November 13th.

1891

Gained members from South Africa and New Zealand.

1892

First member from a distillery. The North of England Institute of Brewing was formed.

1893

The Yorkshire Institute of Brewing was formed.

1894

The Institute had grown to 414 members, including its first American. The Midland Institute of Brewing was formed.

1895

The four Institutes were federated and the first 'Journal of the Federated Institutes of Brewing' was published. The Institute’s first staff member was employed as an editor for the journal.

1901

The Institute of Brewing found its first permanent home – two rooms of the Hall of The Brewers Company, allowing it to establish a library/reading room and an office. The Yorkshire Institute became the first Section of the London Institute.

1904

All four institutes were amalgamated into one, with a Scottish Section added. The Institute now had over 1000 members and hosted Lord Kelvin as the guest of honour at the annual banquet.

1906

Malt Analysis Committee publishes first standard methods.

1908

The Operative Brewer’s Guild (a separate organisation) opens in Yorkshire. Its aims are the provision of financial help for redundant brewers, the establishment of a benevolent fund and the provision of a list of vacancies and those seeking employment.

1910

Institute membership declining, with poor finances.

1912

Two new types of membership available: Diploma (requiring 6 years experience and an exam) and Associate (2 years experience and exam). First 'Index of the Journal of the Institute of Brewing' spanning 1887 to 1910 is published.

1915

Membership increased by 200.

1916

In profit.

1918

Authors paid for Journal papers.

1920

1247 members (748 Diploma).

1921

Burton-on-Trent Section opens.

1922

Journal opens up to more practical as opposed to purely scientific papers.

1924

Journal opens up to more practical papers as opposed to purely scientific.

1925

Methods of Analysis update to include SO2 after government limit imposed.

1926

Guild has 743 members.

1928

First female member of the Institute.

1933

'Standard Methods of Malt Analysis for Commercial Purposes' published.

1936

International members now include Australia (21), USA (16), Europe (15), South Africa (14), Canada (9), New Zealand (8), India (8), 'Other' (4).

1938

Coat of Arms awarded.

1940

IoB offices and library destroyed in an air raid (which also destroyed one-third of the year’s hop harvest, stored in a single warehouse).

1941

1481 members.

1943

First diet of examinations.

1944

Examinations undertaken from POW camps.

1945

John S Ford Award begins.

1947

IoB becomes the UK’s representative at the new European Brewers Congress.

1949

IoB opens the Brewing Industry Research Foundation in Lyfell Hall, Surrey, with 80 staff.

1951

IoB offices move to 33 Clarges Street, Piccadilly.

1953

First international section opens in Australia.

1964

'Recommended Methods of Hops Analysis' published.

1965

First JiB paper on Whisky.

1974

Life membership offered for those who have been members for over 50 years.

1980

William Waters Butler Awards begins. IoB has 3365 members.

1982

Central and Southern African section opens.

1987

IoB is part of a new online Brew-Info database containing over 30,000 articles on brewing science.

1988

IoB begins to issue Ferment magazine, containing committee and section reports, upcoming events, education and training information and raw material and technological innovation reports.

1991

First ballot on combining the Institute and the Guild fails to achieve a majority by 0.4%.

1992

IoB starts to offer CPD (Continuous Professional Development) points for attendance at events, symposia and lectures.

1994

Australia and New Zealand Section becomes Asia Pacific Section.

1996

36 worldwide examination centres established.

1997

IoB’s first distilling qualifications offered. 33 Clarges Street is connected to the internet. 41% of members now from outside of the UK. Central and Southern Africa section becomes Africa section.

1998

IoB offers distance learning courses in response to changing work patterns.

1999

Foundation in Brewing course launched for new starters in the industry.

2000

IoB has >1000 examination candidates sitting examinations at 75 centres worldwide.

2001

Institute of Brewers and International Brewers Guild amalgamate to form the Institute and Guild of Brewing.

2005

Institute and Guild of Brewing becomes the Institute of Brewing and Distilling.

2007

The IBD purchases The Beer Academy.

2012

Over 2000 students take IBD exams.

2014

IBD moves to new offices at 44A Curlew Street, London.

2015

Over 3000 students take IBD exams.

2016

Jerry Avis becomes CEO of the IBD.

2017

The Beer Academy becomes The Beer and Cider Academy. First Master Distiller exams undertaken.

2018

The IBD begins offering courses through an online learning environment.

2019

IBD launches a major update to its website and database systems.

Publications

Brewers and Distillers by Profession

By Raymond Gale Anderson

As we approached the 125th anniversary of the Laboratory Club, the oldest component of what has become the Institute of Brewing and Distilling, we decided to celebrate the event by commissioning a new history. A book on the history of the Institute of Brewing was already in existence - this covered the period up to 1951 and marked the Institute’s centenary. There had, however, been no published history of the Brewers’ Guild which amalgamated with the Institute in 2001. A fresh look at the circumstances of the birth of what became the IBD, and the totality of events since 1886, was the most attractive if also the most demanding approach. Telling the story of two organisations whose activities overlapped - and sometimes collided - before they hesitantly came together, adds particular challenges. No apology is made for rigorously documenting the sources used in this book, but it is my intention to temper scholarship with humanity and perhaps even humour; to provide insight into the personalities involved.